Two surveys conducted with Luxembourg residents in March and June 2021 offer a snapshot of their working and living conditions during the pandemic, in particular their income, compliance with health and confinement guidelines, and pre-and post-pandemic health characteristics.
The survey was coordinated by Profs. Conchita d’Ambrosio, Samuel Greiff, Anna Kornadt, Luca Ratti and Claus Vögele, and was carried out by TNL Ilres. It was conducted on a nationally representative sample with 807 individuals in March, which were contacted again in June. 643 persons participated to both interviews.
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COVID-19-induced changes and behavioural responses
Survey results show that the great majority of persons follow the recommendations on social distancing, sanitation and hygiene measures. Close to half of the respondents indicated that they absolutely follow the official guidelines. In both surveys, only under 10% of participants reported disregard for the official recommendations.
60% of individuals stated that they wear masks, and more than half of them very often keep a distance of at least one metre.
The pandemic has undoubtedly had adverse effects on individuals’ lives, work and livelihoods. Since the onset of the pandemic in February 2020, 10% of the respondents had lost someone close, 8% experienced a major income loss, and almost 4% lost their jobs. However, being evicted and being unable to access sufficient food or required medication were rare.
Of persons reporting being employed, almost 50% in April 2020 were teleworking, before dropping to 27% in August 2020. By May 2021, 31% of respondents reported still working from home.
Confidence in institutions and government support
In March 2021, 15% of respondents reported full confidence that the government could handle the pandemic, and 54% high confidence. Participants have greater confidence that the health services can cope (24% report full confidence, and a further 52% high confidence).
Only 7% have no confidence at all in the government, and just 3% lack confidence in the health services.
Mental health and well-being
The survey includes a wide range of questions that measure mental health and well-being. Well-being is measured by two questions on satisfaction with own life and the worthwhileness of life. Overall, participants have a favourable view of the quality of their lives, a view that improved on average from March to June 2021.
15% of participants reported that they do not intend to get the vaccine.